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- Hell, Hope and Heroes : Life in the Field Ambulance in World War I
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- HE DIED FOR ENGLAND
Fighting Through From Dunkirk to Hamburg. Bill Cheall. Peter Hart. Lyn MacDonald. The Nek. Peter Burness. By Tank into Normandy.back2test.barrica94.cl/zizun-subaru-impreza.php
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Hell, Hope and Heroes : Life in the Field Ambulance in World War I
Mat McLachlan. To the Last Man. Pals on the Somme Roni Wilkinson. Will Davies. The Kaiser's Battle. Martin Middlebrook. Major Fred Waite. Licensed to Thrill 1. Diane Capri. Bully Beef and Balderdash. Graham Wilson. Merry Hell. Brian Tennyson. Patrick Lindsay. The Black Bull. Patrick Delaforce. World War One.
Clive Gifford. Pillars of Fire. Ian Passingham. The Last Battle. Anzac - The Landing. Stephen Chambers. Christmas in the Trenches. Because there were so many soldiers coming back into civilian life who'd been tied down by strict discipline for years, so there was a tendency for them to be… they went pretty mad at times. But they were people he'd been in the army with; he'd done four years with them. My dad looked at him, my mother began to cry. In the first post-war general election campaign of December , the popular wartime Prime Minister David Lloyd George promised to make Britain 'a country fit for heroes to live in'.
William Kirk was one of many disillusioned ex-servicemen at that time. I was very dissatisfied when I came home, conditions I found.
We were promised lands for heroes to live in and all that sort of thing, but when we came home, we found nothing. Everybody, everybody, wanted us — king and country wanted us — in and when we come back nobody wanted us. Because there was neither work nor money. There was poverty everywhere, everywhere. My own father was a little farmer, he was selling corn at about nine shillings a hundredweight.
Produce was making nothing. There was no money, there was no sale. People were jolly hard up. Unemployment was a huge problem in the post-war years and affected millions of people — including men who had just recently put their lives on the line for their country.
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Fred Dixon joined the British Army in He discovered that his war record meant little when searching for work five years later. There were about a million unemployed I believe at the time of the demobilisation. And I applied for a job in Whitehall at the Ministry of Labour as a temporary clerk. And I went before a man, a Mr Dixon — my own name!
He was chairman, and a lot of bearded old men round the board. Thing is, it's been the wrong sort. Apparently I can be fitted for war but I can't be fitted for peace. So I shall know what to do another time, gentlemen. But even then, the old men were still in the saddle. Harold Bing, who was imprisoned for his refusal to be conscripted, remembered trying to find a teaching post in the early s.
But at that time if you looked through the advertisement pages of, shall we say, The Times Educational Supplement where you get all the jobs advertised, very frequently at the head of the advert was 'No CO need apply'. Advert after advert had that.
HE DIED FOR ENGLAND
And somehow in the discussion it came out that I was a CO. That was the end of that! Went back into our company.
We were a carton, cardboard carton and box makers. And of course it was overdue that I should learn about the business. I'd missed five years when I should have been learning and whilst I had lost five years shall we say of technical learning, I'd had to look after men and take charge of them. And I think that experience was very valuable and outweighed the loss of the technical knowledge, which I was able to pick up on. Despite a number of social and economic reforms in the immediate post-war years, a recession hit much of the world in the s.
For war widows and lower-paid workers, making ends meet was often a struggle. Things were very, very bad in the 20s and 30s. Things were terrible, they really were. Him and a brother-in-law of mine, they used to go up to the railway stations and see if they could carry somebody's luggage for a penny. There was no going on the labour, you only got so many weeks and after that you got nothing.
Things were bad. I think the culmination of that was in the General Strike. And I think that really put a wedge and things really started to improve after that. But between the 20s and the 30s things were very, very bad. Things were bad, then, very bad. You never had a penny for the gas — you had gas meters for a penny. You never had a penny for the gas. Returning to Port Talbot in south Wales after the war, ex-soldier Bertram Neyland noticed differences in his hometown.
And fields, which we used to ramble over or play in, had been given over to working class housing developments. In the main street — there is only one shopping street in Port Talbot — some of the big firms had come down there. I can remember several of the big furnishing shops had opened there. Restaurants had opened, and Port Talbot had been very bad pre-war for restaurants. And there generally was an affluent feel about life in Port Talbot when I got back. The wounds of the war — both physical and mental — were felt by millions long after the guns fell silent.
Thousands of men were left with permanent disabilities that affected the rest of their lives. Well, my father served with the London Regiment. He was wounded on the Somme, actually, on the 16th July And it was a spinal wound and he was confined to a wheelchair and a motorised wheelchair that he used, to go to the poppy factory where he worked, eventually. To start with, there was no employment for them. In , they found him employment in the poppy factory at Richmond. Every day he went there in his motorised wheelchair. My mother, well she had five children, I had three sisters and a brother they were all older than me.
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And I knew that the rent for the flat at that particular time was seven shillings a week. And they employed a lot of people; really they employed people in a carpentry place across the road. Quite a few went to the poppy factory in Richmond. But later on I had to go to what they called the House of Lords board. I was supposed to be represented by a solicitor to further my case. They asked me who I was voting for.
So they cut my pension off. I'd been drawing it four years. They cut it off. They gave me 12 pounds, a lump sum — 12 pounds. So I never had a pension after that. But I was only getting 12s and 6d a week. But 12s and 6d a week in those days was quite an amount. Men who had undergone amputations were fitted with artificial limbs. He recalled receiving his artificial leg soon after. By this time with my leg, I'd been through hospitals in Reading, and then a very, very nice hospital in the pavilion at Brighton and from there to Queen Mary's Hospital, Roehampton.
The first leg I was fitted up with, artificial limb, weighed 14 pounds. It was very, very heavy and very cumbersome. But any rate, I was very glad to have it. I took to it like a duck to water. The very first day I had it I had to learn to walk again, I'd forgotten how to walk. You see, I'd been on crutches and the stump used to dangle down, you see.
And my brain had to tell this leg to move forwards alternately with the other one. But after a day I soon got used to it. Facial disfigurement was another impact of trench warfare. New plastic surgery techniques were developed during the war, but many men suffered from negative reactions to their appearance for the rest of their lives.
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